Basic and Applied health Sciences

 

Research groups and topic areas / Thesis proposal

Researchers

Research group websites

Cognitive NeuroLab 

This research group focuses on the study of the neural substrates underlying cognitive processes in humans through the use of non-invasive brain stimulation techniques and the potential of these techniques in the treatment of diseases with altered brain functioning.

Research Topics:

- Dissociation of the role of neuronal systems in charge of cognitive control (a dorsal system, which includes the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex, and a ventral system, including the ventrolateral prefrontal cortex) through their implication in the emotional interference on working memory, risky decision-making and the theory of mind.

- Improvement, stimulation and rehabilitation of cognitive , emotional and behavioural impairments in acquired and neurodegenerative disorders, such as stroke, traumatic brain injury, Alzheimer's diseases, etc.

- Use of non-invasive brain stimulation techniques in the study of the neural basis of different aspects of eating behavior and in the treatment of related conditions and pathologies, such as obesity, bulimia and anorexia.

- Use of non-invasive brain stimulation techniques in the treatment of nicotine addiction.

Dr Elena Muñoz Cognitive NeuroLab

eHealth Lab

eHealth Lab is an interdisciplinary group that focuses its activity on the design, implementation and evaluation of digital solutions whose main aim is to improve efficacy, efficiency and safety of health interventions targeted to healthcare professionals, patients and public. Also we aim to promote health and prevent diseases through digital solutions

Research Topics:

  1. To develop, promote and assess the use of technology in the promotion, prevention and comprehensive approach of chronic diseases.
  2. To develop and evaluate ICT based strategies and interventions that aim to improve the quality of life and wellbeing in the community and working environment.
  3. To design theoretical models and evaluation tools for health interventions.
  4. To develop new methodologies to design interventions to manage high prevalent health problems.

Dr Carme Carrion

 

Food Lab

This area of research is focused on the study of the dynamism of our food patterns, and the food, nutrition and health relationship. The way we eat is an expression of our culture and society, which has an impact on our health, and it is in a continuous reformulation or evolution. It is a fact that today we do not eat like fifty years ago, nor in fifty years we will eat like today.  Thus, changes in food habits and food structures affect all, regardless of gender, social classes, age and have a direct impact on health and quality of life.

Therefore, the line of research specifically tries to reflect on these aspects:

  • Analysis of the evolution of food patterns
  • Study of food biodiversity in food production and consumption
  • Mediterranean Diet
  • Uses of technology to promote healthy living patterns
  • Food, culture and social transformations
  • Explore heathy food offer. Grastonomy, health and society
  • Promotion of physical activity and healthy eating
  • Nutrition, sport performance and Health

Dr F. Xavier Medina

 

Behavioral change in Internet based interventions 

How to help people to change their behavior or daily routines? How to do design behavior solutions for controlling diabetes, getting back in shape, or fit any other need or interest? How to improve adherence to a web-based intervention? How to increase engagement to a health programme? To sum up, how to develop behaviorally effective changes?

Behavior Change refers to the specific strategies used in interventions, and its aim is to:

  • understand how the mind make decisions;
  • describe the key factors that must come together to take action;
  • develop strategies for changing behavior.

In eHealth interventions, behavioral change techniques is one of the most important factors that explain the success or failure in  interventions through the Internet.

Research topics:

  • The design of devices and mobile technologies to assist behavior change.
  • Sustaining behavior change by promoting healthy habits.
  • Personal motivation and decision-making process and their role in starting and sustaining behavior changes.
  • e-literacy, self-efficacy and empowerment, and engagement, as key factors in behavior changes.
  • Persuasive systems designs for Internet-Based interventions aimed to  prevention or health promotion.

Research on issues of health and society are also addressed by the PSINET Research Group in the research line Psychology, technology and society

Dr Manuel Armayones 

PSINET