Law, Politics and Economics

 
LINE 1. PERSON'S RIGHTS, INTANGIBLE GOODS AND DIGITAL SPACE     

Researchers

Group

 
Fundamental Rights, Legal Principles, Justice
 
Analysis, from the perspective of the philosophy of law and legal theory, of aspects related to the structure, interpretation and application of legal principles, with special focus into fundamental rights; analysis of conflicts of rights, balancing and proportionality; theoretical foundations of human rights, their relations with theories of justice and other areas of political philosophy; the link between law and morals.
 
Email: dmartinezz@uoc.edu
 
 
DDI
 
Ethical aspects of AI
 
Analysis of the ethical issues and challenges posed by the developments in the field of artificial intelligence, as well as proposals on ethical criteria or guidelines to guide developments in this field, applied to any of the areas, such as transport, investments, automated decisions, the application of law (artificial judge), health,  etc., as well as the relevance of the transparency of the processes or the impact on privacy and other rights, among other issues.
 
Email: dmartinezz@uoc.edu
DDI

Comprehensive protection of children and adolescents from violence

Empirical and legal study of violence against children. Design and evaluation of programmes for prevention, detection, action or intervention in possible cases of child abuse (of any form of violence). Evaluation of the application and impact of Organic Law 8/2021, of 4 June, on the comprehensive protection of children and adolescents against violence in educational centres and social entities.

Email: imontielj@uoc.edu
Sistema de justícia penal

Internet intermediaries and the DSA 

This research proposal focuses on the duties and liability of online platforms and other internet intermediaries in the EU. In particular, it considers the legal framework of the EU Digital Services Act (Regulation EU 2022/2065 on a Single Market for Digital Services)

Dr. Miquel Peguera
Email: mpeguera@uoc.edu
DDI

The tax treatment of unmarried couples

The tax treatment of unmarried couples is a controversial field of research in the field of financial and tax law, especially due to the competence of the Autonomous Communities over their regulation and their similarities with the institution of marriage, despite the fact that they are not comparable legal realities. For this reason, this thesis proposes the delimitation and study of their tax treatment, with the aim of highlighting the main controversial issues that arise and making the necessary proposals for improvement.

Dr. Irene Rovira Ferrer
Email: iroviraf@uoc.edu
TAXBUSINESS

Sexual violence in intimate partner relationships

Empirical and legal study on sexual violence in intimate partner relationships and the response of the criminal justice system

Email: jtamarit@uoc.edu
 
Sistema de justícia penal
 
Legal and victimological study on the forced disappearance of children during Franco's regime
 
Study on the problem of stolen children and the forced disappearance of children during Franco's regime and on the possible responses to their reparation needs. To reconstruct the possible situation of victimisation of single mothers and children during the aforementioned period and to seek answers to the reparation needs that this victimisation may have created. This will be done, on the one hand, through an exhaustive documentary study that will allow us to obtain relevant statistical data, and on the other hand, through qualitative interviews with several witnesses of the time and children who have resided in the institution.
 
The research has to allow to know what are the needs experienced by the persons involved and in a framework of investigation of their origins, what is, for them, the best way to satisfy these needs, which is linked to the options of restorative justice. Likewise, as these victimisations were inflicted in an institutional context, the study has to consider what response could be given at this level to eventual requests for reparation from the victims.
 
Email: jtamarit@uoc.edu
Sistema de justícia penal

Copyright online enforcement

Questions regarding the enforcement of copyright online. Problems of applicable law and jurisdiction. Identifying infringers. ISP liability. 

Email: rxalabarder@uoc.edu
DDI

Copyright Law and Artificial Intelligence

Questions regarding originality, authorship, related rights. Should AI outputs be protected under Copyright law? And if so, how? 

 
Email: rxalabarder@uoc.edu
 
  
DDI

Free speech and ISP regulation

Rules regulating ISP liability and how they may affect the enforcement of free speech online.

 
Email: rxalabarder@uoc.edu
DDI

Copyright Exceptions and Limitations in the EU acquis

The (un)harmonized regime of Exceptions and Limitations in EU acquis. Special reference to the "recent trend" of further harmonization through mandatory E&L. 

 
Email: rxalabarder@uoc.edu
 
 
DDI

Online Dispute Resolution (ODR)

Legal implications of blockchain and other advanced technologies applied to online dispute resolution. 

 
Email: avilalta@uoc.edu
DDI

Access to Justice (A2J) and justice systems

The transition towards a full digitization to achieve an open, relational, resilient, efficient justice that is committed to the real needs of people, particularly those with some degree of disability or vulnerability, and taking advantage of the full potential of cutting-edge technology within the full respect of fundamental rights.

Email: avilalta@uoc.edu
DDI

Sectorial ADR and digitalization

Mediation and other conflict resolution mechanisms, such as conciliation, arbitration, adjudication and ombuds offices, play a crucial role in areas such as the consumer sector or family law. Although European Union legislation has created a harmonizing regulatory framework that is sufficiently flexible for each country to implement regulations that respect their various legal traditions, there are still regulatory barriers and some suspicion of the types of adjudication that de facto hinder 

Email: avilalta@uoc.edu
DDI
Comparative criminology and digitalization of society
 
Analysis of the impact of the digitalization of society on the characteristics, rates and trends of crime across time and space, as well as the validity of predominant criminological theories for explaining new types of crime.
 
In this context, the digitalization of society has led to either a simple adaptation of existing criminological theories, or a paradigm shift in the explanation of crime.
 

Dr. Antonia Linde

Email: alindeg@uoc.edu

Sistema de justícia penal
Crimes against cultural heritage
 
This line of research studies crimes against cultural heritage and their inclusion in transnational crime (organized crime, terrorism) and international crime (war crimes against cultural heritage); in specific terms, it engages in a criminological analysis of archaeological looting and illicit trafficking of this type of heritage, and other crimes against cultural heritage, including the theft and forgery of works of art.
 

Dr. Marc Balcells i Magrans

Email: mbalcells_i@uoc.edu

Sistema de justícia penal